For parents who are responsible for childcare, handling the cost of bringing up children can be tough. That’s why the IRS allows you to deduct certain childcare expenses on your tax return.
Although it’s primarily aimed at working parents and guardians, the unemployed and full-time students may also qualify for this tax credit.
If you paid for a babysitter, a summer camp, or any care provider for a disabled child of any age or a child under the age of 13, you can claim a tax credit of either:
- 35% of all qualifying expenses up to a maximum of $3,000 for one child/dependent.
- Up to $6,000 for two or more children/dependents.
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Why is the Child and Dependent Care Credit So Important?
The reason why this credit exists is to help working guardians and parents handle the costs of raising a child or supporting a disabled dependent.
The amount of the credit will vary depending on what your income is. It’s also based on the services purchased that enable the parent or guardian to work or seek out work.
The Child and Dependent Care Credit deducts the amount you pay to the government on your tax return. This can increase your refund and enable you to use your funds on other expenses.
Who Qualifies for the Child and Dependent Care Credit?
There is a range of criteria that must be fulfilled in order to become eligible to claim this tax credit. You must meet the criteria detailed below in order to claim the Child and Dependent Care Credit on this year’s tax return:
- You must have earned income. If you’re married but filing jointly, then either you or your spouse must have a form of earned income.
- You must be the parent or the primary caregiver of the dependent claimed.
- The services purchased must have been purchased in order to either work or search for employment.
- The child or dependent must either be disabled or under the age of 13 in order to be claimed as a dependent for the purposes of this tax credit.
- The provider of any childcare can’t be a dependent, your spouse, or a parent of the child, even if you’re paying them a salary.
Which Expenses Qualify for the Child and Dependent Care Credit?
Some of the other expenses include:
- Babysitting costs or the cost of a care center. The care center in question must be licensed.
- The cost of home help, such as a cook, housekeeper, cleaner, or maid, if they’re involved in providing care to a qualifying child or dependent.
- Day and summer camp fees. This also counts even if the camp is centered around a specific activity, such as a sport. Overnight camps, however, don’t qualify.
- Costs of childcare before and after school.
- Costs of nurses, home care, and other care services for disabled dependents.
Educational expenses, such as private school fees and private tutoring, aren’t eligible expenses.
Exceptions to the Rules
Every family has a different situation. For this reason, the IRS has several exceptions to the rules outlined above. The idea behind these exceptions is to increase the number of families who are eligible for this tax credit.
- If parents are separated or divorced, the parent who should claim the credit is the one whom the child spends most of the year with. This applies even if both parents have the right to claim the child as a dependent on their tax returns.
- You may claim this credit if you’re caring for a disabled adult, even if you can’t claim them as a dependent on your tax return, due to your adjusted gross income being too high. This is also valid if someone else is claiming them as a dependent.
- You don’t need to have an earned income if your spouse is permanently and totally disabled.
- The IRS will consider your spouse to have earned income if they attended college as a full-time student for at least five months of the previous tax year.
How to Claim the Childcare Tax Credit
One valuable tax benefit you can get is to claim the tax childcare tax credit. It can also potentially lead to even more child tax credits, depending on your specific situation.
We recommend using online tax filing software because all you need to do is enter some necessary information, and then you’ll be able to find out if you have any qualifying dependents and how you can claim them.